Smart Garbage Bin’s

As all over world different methods or ideas are trying by the government such as Swachh bharat Abhiyan by Indian Government and especially disposal of plastic (plastic free India) ,  disposal of garbage and the overflow of bin’s on roadside. India suffers a garbage glut; we are running out of space for our waste.  And with less than 35% of trash getting recycled in the U.S., experts are hoping technology can help reduce waste and increase recycling. 

Overflow Garbage Bin

The cleaners have to move a lot to check all the bin’s daily hence sometimes they reach too late as the bin get overflow and the garbage start collecting around the bin.

Hence if there will be any method of notification to cleaner’s form bin’s it will be beneficial for them so that they can reach on time and do not to travel a lot. To overcome with this problem the Smart Bin (Bin-e) can play vital role.

A bin having sensor which can send notification as soon as the bin get full. Like wise Russia is using Binology ,Ecube Labs of South Korea, and smart bin of Ireland. Mostly they use the Internet of Things to improve trash pickup rates, for instance using sensors to figure out when a bin is full.  And making sure bins get emptied on time is more important than you might think. Ecube labs is of the most successful as its efficiency of recycling is more than 50%. It can have a big impact by making sure garbage trucks only picks up full trash, rather than stopping to empty every bin on a long route. 

Binology
Ecube Labs

That can help cut public spending on fuel costs and improve carbon footprints. It can also ease congestion on the streets, making for easier commutes for travellers. 

Picking Trucks
“IoT alone can’t solve the problem of how to get more people to recycle.”

 

There are a lot many methods are being use in different countries to recycle more and more garbage. But sometimes the recycling rate are slow in some areas in such case sending the picking truck cost is higher.

Recycling

But we cannot stop sending the trucks because it will be injustice with that area by treating them differently. Hence simple smart bin will not be successful.

There should be some concept of recycling will be beneficial & can play vital role like as one of the project of London ,U.K. in which people living in a council block to recycle 38 percent more food waste simply by dressing a smart bin up as a frog-like alien, so it would attract more attention. 

Sometimes people put wrong stuff in wrong bin which cause higher cost.

IoT System Security

Whenever we talk about the digital devices the very first thing that came in our mind is security of our data that either we have shared or submitted anywhere.

Similarly, when we are creating an IoT device or application that our main concern is always the security of data and how to test whether the created application or device is secured or not.

Here we are going to discuss about the major point to be remember when we created anything which IoT based.

For security purpose we must focus on the following points:

  1. Encryption: it means the process of converting information or data into a code, especially to prevent unauthorized access. There are various methods to encrypt our files, emails, folders or entire drives.

Two different approach for encryption we must think: where the data lives online and how data gets to the internet. The most ideal practice is SSL, this practice must be use everyone where their data exits. On the wireless protocol side, you need to be sure the protocol you’re using has built-in encryption. If do not do encryption then any when can get the information about our device location etc.

  • Authentication: Our device should only talk to us and do not get connected with others  device’s. Never Neglect the authentication step otherwise anyone can make up information and send it to you, and you’d have no way to verify that it isn’t real.

If in case you have designed a sensor for agriculture farm without authentication then someone can fake a drought and feeds data that your plant needs more water. This will destroy your farm.

  • Protection from side channel attack:  After encryption and authentication side channel is another method/way to get access of your device. side-channel attacks pose a significant threat to systems in practice, as the microarchitectures of processors, their power consumption, and electromagnetic emanation reveal sensitive information to adversaries.

For Testing we must focus on the following points:

  • Range: For example, for positioning a Zigbee application we have to determine that how much repeaters we require to build up the network and where to put them in order for the installation to work. But as it is a mesh network hence more repeaters will lessens the capacity of system and we will get a breaking point.
  • Capacity & Latency: These two factors are always in competition with each other if the capacity of system increases then latency will also increase. Hence, we have to check that the created system / network supports the demands. Such as , if there is an  IoT company  interested in monitoring and controlling an electric plant. They want to be able to measure current from a node in a circuit and throw a breaker or move a switch in response to that measurement. Often, they are looking for extremely short latency for that control application, on the order of milliseconds. 
  • Testing of manufacturability: Let’s say you’ve created a parking sensor, which will sit under a car and use magnetic field detection to know if there is a car there. If the appropriate magnetic field is detected, it will send a message up to a gateway. To manufacture this product, there are a few components you’d have to keep in mind.
  • You’d need the radio (which you usually purchase from a vendor).                     
    • You’d put the radio down on your own carrier board, which is usually your own design, with a host device (like a microcontroller you’ve written the code for).
  • Application Specific Testing: These are application-based testing such as you are creating for, military then we have to remember all of the specs beforehand and verify that the components you’re adding to your device meet those specs .
  • FCC & ETSI Testing: Once your end device is complete, you’ll have to go through FCC (in the U.S.) or ETSI/CE (in Europe) certification. In the U.S., you could buy a module with a pre-approved certification and put it into your end device, which allows it operate in the 900-928 MHz ISM band. This is nice, and it gives you an indication that you’ll pass the final testing you need to go through—but as the manufacturer, you also need need to be able to pass the FCC’s unintentional emissions verification test when you’re finished with the design.

Future rulers of IoT

As per the latest reports of the Amazon there will be 20 million devices which will be collecting data by 2020.On the other hand Gartner has predicted that by 2021 there will 25 million connected devices while Accenture told that global IoT market will be worth $14.2 trillion in 2030.

Our activity on internet, web browser, cookies, searches, username etc. gives a huge amount of data about the user, depending on these activities we get the ads on our browser pages. The large amount of user data helps the companies to give us more precise & relevant ads that’s why our many daily tasks are getting depend on the collecting data devices or digitally connected which make us feel easy.  But they take all that information to construct a comprehensive picture of who we so they can infer demographic information, financial situation, social network size etc.

But this is the best medium for marketing of the business, product, online stores and payment. The main aim of IoT companies is internet of everything having potential to collect more data than ever before. Suddenly IoT companies have information about number of people in our home, stock of food items in our refrigerator which will be beneficial for us when we are in local supermarket.

But don’t get feared about your data !! because the data collected by these devices are buried in large form, size as said by Orwellian surveillance.

Medical Mirror

As technology becoming cheaper and internet access becomes ubiquitous, we’ll eventually start to see milk cartons with chips in them.

A simple mirror has been replaced by medical mirror which can be use in washrooms etc having feature of measuring heart beat rate when you will look into it.

If your sleep tracker tells Amazon that you aren’t getting enough sleep, you might start seeing ads for coffee and sleeping pills appearing on your car windshield.

Companies have many ways to tell precisely what we need and when. Following are the companies which will rule over IoT in future:

  • Flutura – Provide nano apps for AI solution in industry
  • Belkin – It provide solution such as WeMo switches
  • August – Smart locks & door bells
  • Footbot– air quality monitor
  • Philips– Hue lighting system
  • Particle Makes– WiFi kits for IoT functionality
  • Amazon web services (AWS) – such as Amazon Echo
  • Google Cloud IoT– Intelligent IoT services
  • ARM – IoT platform like Pelion
  • Huawei – Eco connect Platform.

IOT in Energy Conservation

The most tremendous step for this feature has been taken by Bosch software Innovation. They have launched a common communication protocol i.e., EEBUS. The main aim of EEBUS is to implement a standard which is universally applicable.

The IoT and smart devices are only victorious when they are able to communicate / speak with each other or with the user.

The most interesting feature of EEBUS is SPINE (smart premises interoperable neutral message exchange) which can be implemented to a large number of technology and devices.

The EEBUS focus on the following four fields:

  • E-mobility
  • HVAC
  • White goods
  • Power grid

Some of the upcoming like inverter integration, extension of battery consumption etc.

In e-mobility the changes will not limit up to automotive but also to energy sector that the charging of vehicles so EEBUS will play a magnificent role in this. But a question arises what happens to other electrical part of the vehicle, the power efficiency must have to reduce hence in this EEBUS help to use power from a photovoltaic system rather than public grid. But in public grid recharging scenario the energy provider can react to any signs of overloading. On the other hand, car owners can opt to recharge at off-peak times, saving money in the process.

In HVAC field it will help to keep eye on the various monitoring system to monitor parameter such as room temperature so that it will check as per the standardization provided in EEBUS. These would allow you to configure the system settings – for example, switch the air conditioning on or off – or set the desired temperature. The most interesting part of EEBUS in HVAC is smart start which ensure that the system will only be activated when it is in off-peak time

In white goods concept the smart start will be a beneficial one such as appliance will only start one the power grid is less utilized or it will help to control the temperature of fridge with in the defined bandwidth.

In power grid category the EEBUS helps to monitor the overview of overall power consumption or at particular point of application when the public grid feeds into local networks.

Hence this the main target of EEBUS in which BOSCH is the active member and driving since 2016.

Overview to Up-comings

There is a clear intersection between the Internet of Things (IoT) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). IoT is about connecting machines and making use of the data generated from those machines. AI is about simulating intelligent behavior in machines of all kinds.

The Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to fall into the general pit of buzzword-vagueness. Artificial intelligence (AI) often falls into the same trap, particularly with the advent of new terms such as “machine learning,” “deep learning,” “genetic algorithms,” and more. IoT and AI are two independent technologies that have a significant impact on multiple industry verticals. While IoT is the digital nervous system, AI becomes the brain that makes decisions which control the overall system. The lethal combination of AI and IoT brings us AIoT – Artificial Intelligence of Things – that delivers intelligent and connected systems that are capable of self-correcting and self-healing themselves.

Cloud computing provided three key aspects to connected systems – connectivity, storage, and compute. With an always-on architecture, cloud computing enabled multiple devices to seamlessly connect with each other. Apart from sending machine-to-machine (M2M) messages to each other, these devices sent telemetry data to the cloud that was ingested and stored centrally. The compute service in the cloud processed these large datasets representing the data from a diverse set of devices to derive insights. 

Connectivity, storage, and compute became the foundation of the IoT. Initially, data was processed based on Big Data architectures such as Hadoop and Spark. IoT and Big Data helped stakeholders understand the patterns and the correlation between various devices and sensors. The outcome was presented in insightful visualizations and charts that were a part of IoT dashboards. 

The 2019 Streaming Data and the Future Tech Stack report conducted by The New Stack –focuses on the use cases, technology choices and obstacles faced by early adopters of real-time data use cases for which streaming data is a major requirement.

The survey found that companies processing data in real-time for AI/ML use cases jumped from 6 percent from 2017 to 33 percent in 2019 — a more than five-fold increase. IoT experienced a three-fold increase in real-time data processing as another key use case driving streaming adoption.

As per Servion, by 2025, AI will drive 95% of customer interactions. Moving on, let us look at the top eight AI trends for 2018.

Introduce Yourself (Example Post)

This is an example post, originally published as part of Blogging University. Enroll in one of our ten programs, and start your blog right.

You’re going to publish a post today. Don’t worry about how your blog looks. Don’t worry if you haven’t given it a name yet, or you’re feeling overwhelmed. Just click the “New Post” button, and tell us why you’re here.

Why do this?

  • Because it gives new readers context. What are you about? Why should they read your blog?
  • Because it will help you focus you own ideas about your blog and what you’d like to do with it.

The post can be short or long, a personal intro to your life or a bloggy mission statement, a manifesto for the future or a simple outline of your the types of things you hope to publish.

To help you get started, here are a few questions:

  • Why are you blogging publicly, rather than keeping a personal journal?
  • What topics do you think you’ll write about?
  • Who would you love to connect with via your blog?
  • If you blog successfully throughout the next year, what would you hope to have accomplished?

You’re not locked into any of this; one of the wonderful things about blogs is how they constantly evolve as we learn, grow, and interact with one another — but it’s good to know where and why you started, and articulating your goals may just give you a few other post ideas.

Can’t think how to get started? Just write the first thing that pops into your head. Anne Lamott, author of a book on writing we love, says that you need to give yourself permission to write a “crappy first draft”. Anne makes a great point — just start writing, and worry about editing it later.

When you’re ready to publish, give your post three to five tags that describe your blog’s focus — writing, photography, fiction, parenting, food, cars, movies, sports, whatever. These tags will help others who care about your topics find you in the Reader. Make sure one of the tags is “zerotohero,” so other new bloggers can find you, too.

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